Frequently Asked Questions
1- What happened in Badasht?
In 1844 BÃ¡b claimed that he is the gate of Imam Mahdi. Later in 1848 a group of BÃ¡bis gathered at a place called Badasht. The major leaders of this group were MirzÃ¡ Husayn-Ali NÃºri, Zarrin Taj and MirzÃ¡ `Ali Muhammad Barforush. They concluded that as of now, Islam is outdated and obsolete! Right away the title of TÃ¡hirih was given to Zarrin Taj, the title of BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h was given to MirzÃ¡ Husayn-Ali NÃºri and the title of Quddus was given to MirzÃ¡ `Ali Muhammad Barforush. The announcement, made Mulla Hussain Boshruâ€™i furious, as a result he said:
If I was present at Badasht, I would have punished them with my sword11
Following the events of Badasht, BÃ¡b declared:
I am the Qaâ€™im that you were promised to his appearance.12
Even after this, BÃ¡b claimed to be a prophet and revealed a new book named BayÃ¡n. Before his death, he took his series of claims to a new level and claimed to be God.13
As a result of BÃ¡bâ€™s new claim and the events of Badasht, Nasser al-Din Shah who was the crown prince at that time, summoned BÃ¡b to Tabriz and questioned him about his claim. His attempts to answer the questions was futile, after 11 strokes to his leg, he repented of his claims (as the BÃ¡b or Imam Mahdi). He was not executed because of these claims which was declared mentally unstable14. However because of the magnitude of the nationwide chaos which he brought to Iran, he was executed later.15
BÃ¡b appointed MirzÃ¡ YahyÃ¡ NÃºri â€“ Subh-i-Azal â€“ as his successor, thus MirzÃ¡ YahyÃ¡ knew himself as a BÃ¡bis person with no new claim of a new religion. However since he was an incompetent person, his brother, MirzÃ¡ Husayn-Ali NÃºri handled most of the affairs.
At his childhood, MirzÃ¡ Husayn-Ali NÃºri was taught science and basic skills by his father, close relatives and his private tutor, so he did not need to go to school. Having said, he was like Siyyid `Ali Muhammad BÃ¡b, and claimed to be illiterate and untaught.16
MirzÃ¡ YahyÃ¡ NÃºri (Subh-i-Azal)
MirzÃ¡ Husayn-Ali NÃºri (BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h)
After BÃ¡bâ€™s execution, Amir Kabir (then prime minister) who was aware of BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h previous actions for the BÃ¡bi movement, announced that MirzÃ¡ Husayn-Ali NÃºri has damaged 25 million Rials to the treasury (half the cost of wars between Iran and Russia) and exiled him to Iraq. However after Amir Kabir was killed, MirzÃ¡ Husayn-Ali NÃºri returned to Iran and immediately plotted and aided an assassination on Nasser al-Din Shah (then King of Iran). The attempt was unsuccessful, leading to capturing many BÃ¡bis.
Oddly, all of BÃ¡bi prisoners were killed except BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h! He had a guardian angel from Russia which told the prime minister that BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h is a trust of Russia and no harm should come to him.17 Iran had to exile him and his brother to Iraq.
In Iraq, BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h was taking matters in his own hand, and this infuriated Subh-i-Azal and caused a quarrel between the two brothers. As a result, BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h left for the mountains of Soleimani.
His majesty was living there with special cloth and a dervish kashkool (a beggarâ€™s bowl) and used the fake name â€˜Darvish Muhammadâ€™.18
He studied irfan and alchemy. After two years in the Soleimani Mountains he decided to come back to Iraq. BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h requested permission from his brother MirzÃ¡ YahyÃ¡ NÃºri Subh-i-Azal.
There came the summons bidding Us return whence We came. Surrendering Our will to His, We submitted to His injunction.19
After his return to Iraq, because of the disturbance they made, BÃ¡bis were again exiled to Istanbul.
At 1863 en route to Istanbul, BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h declared his perceived mission and claimed to be the â€˜manifestation of Godâ€™, even though BÃ¡b prophesized that such a person will rise in 1511 years later. Along with BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡, 25 other people declared to be the manifestation of God.
When the declaration of BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h reached to the BÃ¡bi population, it created a new division:
- The followers of Subh-i-Azal, were named Azalis (or BÃ¡bis20).
- The followers of BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h were named BahÃ¡â€™is
The division took the dispute between the brothers to a new level. The Azalis were exiled to Famagusta in Cyprus and the BahÃ¡â€™I were sent to Acre in Palestine. Subh-i-Azal died in Palestine, BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h died in Acre.
BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h had other claims for himself, other than â€˜Manifestation of Godâ€™, he knew himself as a mortal ant21, and at some times, he knew himself from the deities and as the God of all Gods.22 All his claims were made, while he knew Prophet Muhammad as the Seal of the Prophets.23
He is from the first wife of MirzÃ¡ Husayn-Ali NÃºri, Nawwabah. BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h had three other children from his other wife, Mahd-e Olia, and his other son Muhammad `Ali Effendi was among them. According to the Will and Testament of BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h, after `Abduâ€™l-BahÃ¡, Muhammad `Ali should succeed him24, but after BahÃ¡â€™uâ€™llÃ¡h death, numerous disputes occurred between the brothers. `Abbas Effendi called the followers of his brother the â€˜covenant breakersâ€™25 and named themselves the covenants26. All of this happened while `Abduâ€™l-BahÃ¡ himself has said:
â€¦fair notice should be given to a person that is crippled for nurturing his own children and family; How could we put faith in such a personâ€™s guidance for all humans, is there any doubt and uncertainty for this matter? Indeed there is not!27
Abbas Effendi, `Abduâ€™l-BahÃ¡
1- Tarikh Zuhur-al-Haq, Page 110
2- Zuhur-al-Haq, Page 173, footnote
3- Tablet of Heykal-al-Din, Ø¥Ù† Ø¹Ù„ÛŒØ§Ù‹ Ù‚Ø¨Ù„ Ù†Ø¨ÛŒÙ„ Ø°Ø§Øª Ø§Ù„Ù„Ù‡ Ùˆ Ú©ÛŒÙ†ÙˆÙ†ÛŒØªÙ‡
4- Kashf-al-Qita an Hiyal-al-Aâ€™da, written by Mirza Abulfazl Golpayegani, Pages 203-204
5- Qarn-i-Badi, Vol. 1, Page 256
6- Asrar-al-Asar, Vol.1. Page 191
7- Qarn-i-Badi, Vol. Pages 318-319, Qarn-i-Badi, Vol.2, PageÂ 33 andÂ 34
8- Qarn-i-Badi; Vol. 2, Page 112, First edition
9- Kitab-i-Iqan, Page 278
10- There is no difference between BÃ¡bis and Azalis, since the Azalisâ€™ were following the same beliefs that BÃ¡b has taught. It is only a matter of different naming.
11- Asar Qalam-i-Aâ€™la, Vol.4, Page 364
12- Makatib, Vol.2, Page 255
13- Ishraqat, Page 293
14- Tablets of Bahaâ€™uâ€™llah Revealed After the Kitab-i-Aqdas, Pages 219-223: 222
17- Makatib, Vol.2, PageÂ 182