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UMME ABIHA FATIMA ZAHRA (s.a)

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UMME ABIHA FATIMA ZAHRA (s.a)

Her Birth, names, Childhood and Narrations about her from Sunni and Shia narrations:

Her Birth:
Fatima (s.a.) is the daughter of the Holy messenger of Allah, Muhammad ibn Abdullah (s.a.w.a.) and Khadija bint al-Khuwaylid (s.a.). She was born on the 20th of Jamadiul Akhar, 5 AH (the fifth year of hijrah).

Her names:
Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “In the presence of Allah, she is known by 9 names, which are Fatima, Siddiqah, Mubaraka, Tahera ,Zakiya, Radiya, Mohaddatha and Zahra.”
Abu Jafar Qomi (Muhammad bin Husain, known as Abu Ja’far, writer and poet residing in Nishabor) has stated other names for her: “Batool, Hisna, Harah, Sayyidah, Azra, Haura, Maryam, Kubra, Sadiqah, Nuriya, Samiwiya wal Haniya.” Her epithets are as: “Umm al-Hasan (Hasan’s mother), Umma al-A’emma (mother of Imams) and Umme Abiha (father’s Mother).

Her Childhood:

When she was 5 years old, her mother passed away. Fatima bint Asad(s.a.) (the wife of Prophet’s uncle and mother of Imam Ali(a.s.)) undertook to care for her. They migrated with Imam Ali(a.s.) and other Muslims from Mecca to Medina. After the death of Fatima bint Asad(s.a.), the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) entrusted Umme Salamah (his second wife) with her care.

Narrations about Fatima Al Zahra (A.S.) from Sunni and Shia narrations:

The Holy Prophet (P.H.):

“Fatima is part of me. Whatever upsets her upsets me and whatever harms her harms me.” Sahih Muslim,v.5,p.54.

The Holy Prophet (P.H.):

“Fatima is part of me. Whoever harms her harms me.” Al-Sunan Al-Kubra. V, 10.

The Holy Prophet (P.H.):

“Fatima is part of me and she is my heart and the soul which is between my two sides.” Nur-al-Absar, P.52.

The Holy Prophet (P.H.):

“ O’ Fatima, verily God is angry when you are angry.” Al-Sawaiq Al-Muhariqa, p.175.

The Holy Prophet (P.H.):

“Fatima is the head of the women of my nation.” Sahih Muslim

The Holy Prophet (P.H.):

“When I long for the fragrance of Paradise I smell the neck of Fatima.” Muntakhab Al-Omal, V.5, P.97

The Holy Prophet (P.H.):

“The head of the women of Paradise is Fatima.” Sahih Al- Bukhari

The Holy Prophet (P.H.):

“Fatima, you will be the first amongst my Ahlul-Bayt to follow after me.” Sahih Al- Bukhari

The Holy Prophet (P.H.):

“Fatima, God will not torture you or any of your children.” Kenz-Al-Omal, V. 13, P.96

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