Who is Saeedul Olama, the adjudicator of executing the Babis?

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After Saeedul Olama entered into Babol city, he ordered the barker to announce people to participate at the mosque… and said: O' people, he aware, our enemies are in ambush to destroy Islam and to vanish the Islamic sacred things.[1]'

     Late 1264, Ali Muhammad Bab started claiming for being Imam of the Time. Then, he wrote book Bayan to excommunicate the Islamic religious law. He called himself as the prophet. Eventually, he claimed for divinity in his last writing called Heykaluddin tablet.[2]

     However, due to the lack of relationships between him and the Babis (in Chehriq) by the end of his death, his disciples heard his claims less because if they heard, the conflict had been ended up sooner and Mirza Ali Muhammad hadn’t been killed, too. When the domestic conflicts were intensified, the then government headed by Mirza Taqi khan Amir the great decided to eradicate the Bab.[3]

     Ali Muhammad Bab was shot down along with one of his disciples on lunar month of Sha'ban, 1266 A.H. in Tabriz city.

     Saeedul Olama Mazandarani (P.H.) played an active role in eradicating the Babis in Mazandaran.


     Who was Saeedul Olama Mazandarani?

     Saeed ibn Muhammad[4] known as Saeedul Olama was born in 187 A.H. in a religious family in Barforosh (Babol). After growing up, he started learning lessons in theological school. He studied the rudiments of learning in the presence of his father and other sages in Babol city. Then, he traveled to Karbala to continue his education. He studied religious jurisprudence in Shariful Olama Mazandarani's class and became a clergyman practicing religious jurisprudence. Then, he headed off towards Najaf. He was in the same class with Mowla Agha Darbandi, Seyyed Shafi'a Japolqi and Sheikh Morteza Ansari and other scholars.

     He died in 1270 A.H. when he was 83 in Babol city, central mosque.


[1] The summary of Nabil Zarandi history, p. 330.

[2] Heykaluddin tablet, p. 5.

[3] Al-Kawakeb Al-Dorriyeh, Vol. 1, pp. 233 & 249.

[4]  The historians have called him Mullah Muhammad Saeed; but in the deed of endowment his name has been registered as Saeed Ibn Muhammad.

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