The contemporary scholar’s view towards Sheikism intellectual movement

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     Bahaismiran:

Stating the viewpoints and insights of the innovators of Sheikism thought is important because it caused Shiism pure movement to be splat and also caused the deviant movement such as Baha’ism to be inspired by it. Less than two centuries, it has become as calamity for Shiite Muslims of Iran and across the world.

Ayatollah Broujerdi didn’t consider Kerman Sheikism beliefs to be based on Imam Sadeq’s (P.H.) method and the great scholar Qazi considered polytheism as one of deviations of Sheikh Ahmad Ehsaee who has introduced God as a vain entity. The great scholar Tehrani has considered Ehsaee to be contrary to the great learned people without master of morals; so he has been deviated.

Late Falsafi complained about Sheikism and its head. He provided 25 questions and gave it to Abul Qasem Ibrahimi, the forth leader of Kerman Sheikism and asked him to give clear, frank and short answers. Ibrahimi received the questions and answered to them after a while. Late Falsafi took the questions and answer to Ayatollah Broujerdi (P.H.). He said after studying: “Ibrahimi has said the words of before. These answers aren’t agreed with Imam Sadeq’s (P.H.) method.[1]

Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi have said about Sheikism: “Sheikism cult possesses many deviations and isn’t legitimate. Show them the right way if reverently if possible. If it weren’t effective, keep away from them and don’t participate at their meetings.[2]

The great scholar Mesbah Yazdi says about Sheikh Ahmad Ehsaee and Seyyed Kazem Rashti: “It seems Sheikh himself has been a free and devoted man; although he has deviated in some issues for several reasons. However, Seyyed Kazem Rashti’s character isn’t clear. Generally speaking, his character is vague and doubtful. Nevertheless, Karim Khan Kermani has made cult.[3]

The great scholar Tabatabaee has said about Sheikism: “Two tribes of Sheikism and Karim Khanieh which have been found during the recent two centuries whose differences with others is in justifying the theoretical issue haven’t been considered as branching due to their separation.[4]

     Mullah Ali Nouri[5] was considered as one of the devoted people of Sheikh Ahmad Ehsaee and was interpreting and justifying Ehsaee’s scientific materials. When Sheikh Ahmad Ehasee entered into Iran and resided in Isfahan city, he canceled his class to respect Sheikh in order for his students to participate at Ehsaee’s class. Mullah Ali Nouri’s pupils figured out in the first session that Sheikh wasn’t familiar with philosophical discussions and terms. After a short while, Mullah Ali’s pupils decided not to participate at Sheikh’s class. Mullah Ali confessed about this issue that why he has justified Sheikh’s scientific discussions during this period of time.[6]

Ayatollah Qazi has said about Ehsaee: “Sheikh Ehsaee considered God as a vain concept out of names and features. This is polytheism… He assumes Ehsaee’s book called “the explanation of Jame’h Kabireh’s letter of pilgrimage” consisting polytheistic theological discussions.[7]

The great scholar Tehrani writes continuing the great scholar Qazi: “Sheikism and Hashwieh whose head is Sheikh Ahmad Ehsaee are contrary to the learned people. For this reason, they were feuding them.[8]

 


[1] Muhammad Taqi Falsafi, the memoirs and campaigns of Hujjatul Islam Falsafi, Tehran: Binam, second edition, Farwardin 1382 S.H., pp. 386-387.

[2] Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi, Esteftahat, Qom: Ali Ibn Abi Taleb (P.H.) publishing house, 1st edition, 1393 A.H., Vol. 4, p. 500, 1364.

[3] Ali Akbar Baqeri, criticiaing and investigating Kerman Sheikism views, Qom: the educating and researching institute of Imam Khomeini’s (P.H.) publishing house, 1392 S.H., p. 110.

[4] Seyyed Muhammad Hussein Tabatabaee, Shiite in Islam, Qom: Warian publishing hpouse, 2nd edition, winter 1380 S.H., p. 94.

[5] Mullah Ali Akhond Nouri known as the divine sage of 13th century who was born in Nour, Mazandaran.

[6] Morteza Modarresi, Sheikism and Babism from philosophy view, the history and society. Tehran: Forouqi bookstore, 2nd edition, Khordad 1351 S.H., pp. 54-55.

[7] Ayatollah Hajj Seyyed Muhammad Hussein Husseini Tehrani “Rouh MOjarrad”, Mashhad, the great scholar Tabatabaee, 8th edition, the lunar month of Shawwal 1425 A.H., p. 427.

[8] Ibid, p. 428.

 

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